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Antoni Dalmau Bueno

POSITION: Researcher of the Animal welfare program / Technical manager of the Animal Welfair certification
PHONE / EXTENSION: 972 63 00 52 / 1434 MÒBIL: 667 207 042

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Resarch Lines

1. Stress, social and feeding behaviour and habitat adaptation of ungulates.

2. Animal welfare measures at farm and abattoir for pigs and cattle.

3. Aversion, fear, pain and abnormal behaviour.

4. Use of gas mixtures as alternative to CO2 to stun and assessment of the stunning efectiveness in commercial abattoirs.

5. Animal welfare and slaughter for Halal and Kosher meat in ruminants and poultry.



Featured projects

Technical manager of the Animal Welfair certification.


1. Pilot project on best practices on animal transport. Dg Sanco (2015-2018)

2. Adapting the feed, the animal and the feeding techniques to improve efficiency and sustainability of monograstric livestock production Systems. H2020 (2015-2020).

3. Management and feed strategies to reduce the effect of thermal stress on performance, meat quality and animal welfare in pigs reared in Spain. INIA (2015-2017).

4. Study comparison systems restraining bovine animal by inversion or other unnatural position with Systems maintaining animals in the up-right position taking into account the welfare aspects as well as the socio-economic implications. DG Sanco (2012-2013).

5. Indicadores de bienestar animal del sistema de montanera del cerdo ibérico y alternativas a la castración quirúrgica de machos y hembras: implicaciones etológicas, productivas, reproductivas y de calidad de canal y carne. INIA (2011-2013)

6. Effetti dei tempi di riposo al punto di sosta sul benessere di ovini trasportati su lunghe distanze. Programa Nacional de Investigación Italiano (2011).

7. Preparatory action on control post. DG-SANCO (2011-2012).

8. Development Animal Welfare Risk Assessment Guidelines on Housing and Management. EFSA.

9. Religious slaughter: improving knowledge and expertise through dialogue and debate on issues of welfare, legislation and socio-economic aspects- Specific Suport Action.EU

10. Integration of animal welfare in the food quality chain: from public concern to improved welfare and transparent quality (Welfare Quality). Eu. FP6.



Featured publications

1. A. Dalmau, E. Fàbrega, A. Velarde. 2009. Fear assessment in pigs exposed to a novel object test. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 117: 173-180.

2. A. Dalmau, D. Temple, P. Rodríguez, P. Llonch, A. Velarde. 2009. Application of the Welfare Quality protocol at pig slaughterhouses. Animal Welfare, 18: 497-505.

3. A. Dalmau, A. Velarde, Kamara Scott, Sandra Edwards, Isabelle Veissier Linda Keeling and Andy Butterworth (editores). Título: Welfare Quality. 2009. Assessment protocol for pigs (sows and piglets, growing and finishing pigs). Welfare Quality. Assessment protocol for pigs (sows and piglets, growing and finishing pigs). Welfare Quality® Consortium. (

4. E. Mainau, A. Dalmau, J.L. Ruiz-de-la-Torre, X. Manteca. 2009. Validation of an automatic system to detect position changes in puerperal sows. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 21: 96-102.

5. A. Ferret and X. Manteca. 2010. Vigilance behaviour of Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica): Effect of Sex and Position in the Herd, 56: 232-237.

6. A. Dalmau, A. Ferret and X. Manteca. 2010. Vigilance behaviour of Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica): Effect of Sex and Position in the Herd. Current Zoology, 56: 232-237.

7. A. Dalmau, N. Geverink, A. Van Nuffel, L. van Steenbergen, K. Van Reenen, V. Hautekiet, K. Vermeulen, A. Velarde, F.A.M. Tuyttens. 2010. Repeatability of lameness, fear and slipping scores to assess animal welfare upon arrival in pig slaughterhouses. Animal, 4: 804-809.

8. A. Dalmau, P. Llonch, P. Rodriguez, J.L. Ruiz-de-la-Torre, X. Manteca, A. Velarde. 2010. Stunning pigs with different gas mixtures. Part 1: Gas Stability. Animal Welfare, 19: 315-323.

9. A. Dalmau, P. Rodriguez, P. Llonch, A. Velarde. 2010. Stunning pigs with different gas mixtures. Part 2: Aversion in pigs. Animal Welfare, 19: 325-333.

10. E. Mainau, A. Dalmau, JL. Ruiz-de-la-Torre, X. Manteca. 2010. Scale to measure ease of farrowing in sows. Theriogenology, 74: 1279-1287.

11. A. Velarde, A. Dalmau, X. Manteca. 2011. Innovating on welfare: an added value? Pp 301-306. In: New trends for innovation in the Mediterranean animal production. EAAP publication nº 129. Wageningen Academic Publishers, (R. Bouche, A. Derkimba and F. Casablanca, eds.). Holanda

12. D. Temple, A. Dalmau, J.L. Ruiz de la Torre, X. Manteca and A. Velarde. 2011. Application of the Welfare Quality® protocol to assess growing pigs kept under intensive conditions in Spain. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 6: 138-149.

13. D. Temple, X. Manteca, A. Velarde, A. Dalmau. 2011. Assessment of animal welfare through behavoural parameters in Iberian pigs in intensive and extensive conditions. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 131: 29-39.

14. E. Mainau, J.L. Ruiz-de-la-Torre, A. Dalmau, J.M. Salleras, X, Manteca, 2012. Effects of Meloxicam (Metacam) on post-farrowing sow behaviour and piglet performance. Animal, 6: 494-501.

15. D. Temple, V. Courboulay, X. Manteca, A. Velarde, A. Dalmau. 2012. The welfare of growing pigs in five different production systems: assessment of feeding and housing. Animal, 6: 656-667.

16. P. Llonch, A. Dalmau P. Rodríguez, X. Manteca, A. Velarde. 2012. Aversion to nitrogen and carbon dioxide mixtures for stunning pigs. Animal Welfare: 21, 33-39.

17. P. Llonch, P. Rodríguez, A. Velarde, V. Abreu de Lima, A. Dalmau. 2012. Aversion to the inhalation of nitrogen and carbon dioxide mixtures compared to high concentrations of carbon dioxide for stunning rabbits. Animal Welfare, 21: 123-129.

18. A. Velarde, A. Dalmau. 2012. Animal welfare assessment at slaughter in Europe: moving from inputs to outputs. 2012. Meat Science, 92: 244-251.

19. D. Temple, X. Manteca, A. Dalmau, A. Velarde. 2013. Assessment of test-retest reliability of animal-based measures on growing pig farms. Livestock Science, 151: 35-45.

20. E. Fàbrega, X. Puigvert, . Soler, J. Tibau, A. Dalmau. 2013. Effect of on farm mixing and slaughter strategy on behaviour, welfare and productivity in Duroc finished entire male pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 143: 31-39.

21. G.C. Miranda-de la Lama, M. Pascual-Alonso, A. Guerrero, P. Alberti, S. Alierta, P. Sans, J.P. Gajan, M. Villarroel, A. Dalmau, A. Velarde, M.M. Campo, F. Galindo, M.P. Santolaria, C. Sañudo, G.A. María. 2013. Influence of social dominance on production, welfare and the quality of meat from beef bulls. Meat Science, 94: 432-437.

22. A. Dalmau, A. Ferret, J.L. Ruiz de la Torre, X. Manteca. 2013. Habitat selection and social behaviour in a Pyrenean chamois population (Rupicapra pirenaica pirenaica).Journal of Mountain Ecology, 9: 83-102.

23. M. Terre, E. Pedrals, A. Dalmau, A. Back. 2013. What do preweaned and weaned calves need in the diet: a high fiber content or a forage source? Journal of Dairy Science, 96: 5217-5225.

24. V. de Lima, M. Piles, O. Rafel, M. López-Béjar, J. Ramón, A. Velarde, A. Dalmau. 2013. Use of infrared thermography to assess the influency of high environmental temperature on rabbits. Research in Veterinary Science, 95: 802-810.

25. P.Llonch, P. Rodríguez, M. Jospin, A. Dalmau, X. Manteca, A. Velarde. 2013. Assessment of unconsciousness in pigs during exposure to nitrogen and carbon dioxide mixtures. Animal: 7, 492-498

26. A.Velarde, P. Rodríguez, A. Dalmau, C. Fuentes, P. Llonch, K.V. von Holleben, M.H. Anil, J.B. Malbooij, H. Pleiter, T. Yesildere, B.T. Cenci-Coga. 2014. Religious slaughter: evaluation of current practices in selected countries. Meat Science, 96: 278-287

27. A. Dalmau, Antonio Di Nardo, Carolina Realini, Pedro Rodríguez, Pol Llonch, Déborah Temple, Antonio Velarde, Daniel Giansante, Stefano Messori, Paolo Dalla Villa. 2014. Effect of the duration of road transport on the physiology and meat quality of lambs. Animal Production Science, 54: 179-186.

28. M. Sabés-Alsina, N. Planell, E. Torres-Mejia, E. Taberner, M.J. Maya-Soriano, Ll. Tusell, J. Ramon, A. Dalmau, M. Piles, M. López-Béjar. 2015. Daily exposure to summer circadian cycles affects spermatogenesis, but not fertility in an in vivo rabbits model. Theriogenology, 83: 246-252.

29. P. Rodríguez, N. Casal, R. Carreras, I. Muñoz, A. Dalmau, A., Velarde. 2015. Electrical stunning effectiveness with current levels than 1A in lambs and kid goats. Research in Veterinary Science, 98: 154-161.

30. A. Dalmau, A. Velarde, P. Rodríguez, C. Pedernera, P. Llonch, E. Fàbrega, N. Casal, E. Mainau, M. Gispert, V. King, N. Slootmans, A. Thomas, M. Mombarg. 2015. Use of an anti-GnRF vaccine to suppress oestrus in crossbred Iberian female pigs.Theriogenology 84, 342-347

31. A. Dalmau, A.M. Abdel-Khalek, J. Ramon, M. Piles, J.P. Sanchez, A. Velarde, O. Rafel. 2015. Comparison of behaviour, performance and mortality in restricted and ad libitum fed growing rabbits. Animal. 9: 1172-1180

32. A. Rubio-González, Y. Potes, D. Illán-Rodríguez, I. Vega-Naredo, V. Sierra, B. Caballero, E. Fàbrega, A. Velarde, A. Dalmau, M. Oliván and A. Coto-Montes. 2015. Effect of animal mixing as a stressor on biomarkers of autophagy and oxidative stress during pig muscle maturation. Animal, 9: 1188-1194

33. A. Velarde, E. Fàbrega, I. Blanco-Penedo, A. Dalmau. 2015. Animal welfare towards sustainability in pork meat production. Meat Science, 109: 13-17

34- A. Dalmau, B. Catanese, O. Rafel, P. Rodríguez, C. Fuentes, P. Llonch, E. Mainau, A. Velarde, J. Ramón, E. Taberner, M. López-Béjar, M. Piles. 2015. Effect of high temperatures on breeding rabbits behaviour. Animal Production Science, 55: 1207-1214.

35-G. Cozzi, F. Gottardo, M. Brscic, B. Contiero, N. Irrgang, U. Knierim, O. Pentelescu, J.J. Windig, L. Mirabito, F. Kling Eveillard, A.C. Dockes, I. Veissier, A. Velarde, C. Fuentes, A. Dalmau, C. Winckler. 2015. Dehorning of cattle in the EU Member States: A quantitative survey of the current practices. Livestock Science, 179: 4-11

36- S. Messori, C. Pedernera-Romano, D. Magnani, P. Rodríguez, S. Barnard, A. Dalmau, A. Velarde, P. Dalla Villa. 2015. Unloading or not unloading? Sheep welfare implication of rest stop at control post after 29 h transport. Small Ruminant Research, 130: 221-228.

37- R.Carreras, E. Mainau, P. Rodríguez, P. Llonch, A. Dalmau, X. Manteca, A. Velarde. 2015. Cognitive bias in pigs: individual classification and consistency over time. Journal of Veterinary Behaviour: Clinical applications and research, 10: 577-581.

38- L.M. Rocha, A. Velarde, A. Dalmau, L. Saucier, L. Faucitano. 2016. Can the monitoring of animal welfare parameters predict pork quality variation through the supply chain (from farm to slaughter)1 Journal of Animal Science, 94: 359-376.

39- P. Rodriguez, A. Dalmau, X. Manteca, H. Litvan, EW Jensen, A. Velarde. 2016. Assessment of aversion and unconsciousness during exposure high concentrations in lambs. Animal Welfare, 25: 73-82.

40-M. Martínez, P. Rodriguez, M. Izquierdo, M. Gispert, X. Manteca, E. Mainau, FI Hernández, A. Claret, L. Guerrero, A. Dalmau. 2016. Comparison of meat quality parameters in surgical castrated versus vaccinated against gonadotrophin-releasing factor male and female Iberian pigs reared in free-ranging conditions. Meat Science, 111: 116-121

41-M. Olivan, V. Fernández-Suárez, F. Díaz-Martínez, V. Sierra, A. Coto-Montes, B. de Luxán-Delgado, R. Peña, A. Bassols, E. Fàbrega, A. Dalmau, A. Velarde. 2016. Identification of biomarkers of stress in meat of pigs managed under different mixing treatments. British Biotechnology Journal, 11: 1-13

42- A. Dalmau, J. Pallisera, C. Pedernera, I. Muñoz, R. Carreras, N. Casal, E. Mainau, P. Rodríguez, A. Velarde. 2016. Use of high concentrations of carbon dioxide for stunning rabbits reared for meat production. World Rabbit Science, 24:  25-37

43- Carreras, R., Arroyo, L., Mainau, E., Peña, R., Bassols, A., Dalmau, A., Faucitano, L., Manteca, X., Velarde, A. 2016. Effect of gender and halothane genotype on cognitive bias and its relationship with fear in pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 177: 12-18.

44- O. Blumetto, A. Ruggia, A. Dalmau, F. Estellés, A. Villagrá. 2016. Behavioural characterisation of Holstein steers in three different production System. Animal Production Science, 56: 1683-1692.

45- A. Dalmau, A. Nande, M. Vieira-Pinto, S. Zamprogna, G. Di Martino, J.C.R. Ribas, M. Paranhos da Costa, K. Halinen-Elemo, A. Velarde (2016). Application of the Welfare Quality® protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries. Livestock Science, 193:78-87.

46- R. Carreras, E. Mainau, L. Arroyo, X. Moles, J. Gonzàlez, A. Bassols, A. Dalmau, L. Faucitano, X. Manteca, A. Velarde. 2016. Housing conditions do not alter cognitive bias but affect serum cortisol, qualitative behaviour assessment and wounds on the carcass in pigs. Journal of Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 185:39-44.          

47- D. Magnani, N. Ferri, A. Dalmau, S. Messori (2017). Knowledge and opinions of veterinary students in Italy toward animal welfare science and law. Veterinary Record, 180:225-232  

48- A. Dalmau, E.Mainau, A. Velarde (2017). Reliability of fear assessment in growing pigs exposed to a novel object test in commercial conditions. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 20:280-288.

49- Carreras, R., Arroyo, L., Mainau, E., Valent, D., Bassols, A., Dalmau A, Faucitano, L., Manteca, X., Velarde, A. 2017.Can the way pigs are handled alter behavioural measures of affective state? Behavioural Processes, 142: 91-98

50- Arikan F, Martinez T, Sanchez A, Campos M, Esteves M, Gandara D, Rodríguez A, Castro C, Dalmau A, Tibau J, Sahuquillo J. 2017. Development of a new experimental model of Malignant ischaemic stroke in porcine model. A proof of concept study. Plos one, 12 : e0172637    

51- Messori, S, Pedernera-Romano, C, Rodríguez, P, Barnard, S, Giansante D, Magnani D, Dalmau A, Velarde A, Dalla Villa P. 2017. Effects of different rest-stop durations at control posts during a long journey on the welfare of sheep, Veterinaria Italiana, 53: 121-129.

52- Di Martino, G, Zamprogna, S, Garbo, A, Caucci, C, Marchesan M, Bonfanti L, Dalmau A. 2017. Valutazione del benessere animale nei macelli suinicoli italiani. Large animal Review, 23: 149-153.            

53- Casal-Plana N, Manteca X, Dalmau A, Fàbrega E. 2017. Influence of enrichment material and herbal compounds in the behaviour and performance of growing pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 195: 38-43

54- A. Dalmau, B. Areal, S. Machado, J. Pallisera, A. Velarde. 2019. Does the location of enrichment material affect behaviour and dirtiness in growing female pigs? Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 22: 219-240.

55- A. Dalmau, T.Duarte Borges, E. de Mercado, J. Gonzalez, A. Mateos-San Juan, M. Huerta-Jiménez, E. Gómez-Izquierdo, R. Lizardo, J. Pallisera, F. Borrisser-Pairó, E. Esteve-García, N. Panella-Riera, I. Ovejero. 2019. Effect of environmental temperature, floor type and breed on skatole and indole concentrations in fat of females, immune-castrated and entire males. Livestock Science, 220: 46-51.

56- N. Pejman, Z. Kallas, A. Dalmau, A. Velarde. 2019. Should Animal Welfare Regulations Be More Restrictive? A Case Study in Eight European Union Countries. Animals, 9 (4); 195:  4-6.

57- A.C.F. Oliveira, J. González, S. E. Asmar, N. P. Batllori, I Y. Vera, U. R. Valencia, R. Lizardo, T. D. Borges, E. Esteve-Garcia, N. Panella, L. B. Costaa and A. Dalmau. 2020. The effect of feeder system and diet on welfare, performance and meat quality, of growing – finishing Iberian x Duroc pigs under high environmental temperatures. Livestock Science, 234.

58- Y. Ramayo-Caldas, F. Prenafeta-Boldú, L.M. Zingaretti, O. González-Rodríguez, A. Dalmau, R. Quintanilla, M. Ballester. 2020. Gut eukaryotic communities in pigs: diversity, composition and host genetic contribution. Animal Microbiome, 2: 18-30

59- M. Martinez-Macipe, E. Mainau, X. Manteca, A. Dalmau. 2020. Environmental and management factors affecting the time budgets of free-ranging Iberian pigs reared in Spain. Animals, 10: 798

60- A. Dalmau, X. Moles, J. Pallisera. 2020. Animal Welfare assessment protocol for does, bucks and kit rabbits reared for production. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7: 445.