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Almonds varieties Marinada

  • Breeders’ reference: IRTAMB-A23-57.
  • Breeding number (IRTA almond cultivar breeding programme): “23-57”.
  • Origin: seedling derived from the cross “Lauranne” x “Glorieta”, made in 1994 at Mas de Bover (Constantí, Tarragona).
  • Protected cultivar: Plant Variety Rights pending from OEVV and CPVO. Temporary protection granted.

Pomological traits

  • Tree vigour: medium. Its vigour is enough to maintain a good balance between production and vegetative growth.
  • Foliage density: dense.
  • Growth habit: medium-upright.
  • Branching density: medium-scarce..
  • Training and pruning: very easy.
  • Localització de la fructificació: preferentment en ramets de maig.
  • Nuts location: mainly spurs.
  • Blooming time: very late (after “Ferragnès”). At Mas de Bover 33 days after “Desmayo Largueta” (average of 12 years of observations).
  • S compatibility genotipe: S5Sf.
  • Pollination: self-fertile cultivar. Cross-pollination unneeded. Self-compatible cultivar having a good autogamous level (capable to produce in isolated conditions).
  • Pollinators:to foster cross-pollination (advisable practice, even for self-fertile cultivars), could be combined in the orchard with “Tarraco”, having a similar blooming date.
  • Blooming density: very high.
  • Length of blooming: medium.
  • Bearing precocity: extremely precocious.
  • Cropping capacity: very high.
  • Cropping regularity: good. Low alternate bearing.
  • “Fusicoccum” (Phomopsis amygdali Del.) tolerance: tolerant.
  • “Red leaf blotch”(Polystigma ochraceum Whal.) tolerance:: medium.
  • Harvesting season: medium (at the beginning of September at Mas de Bover).
  • Harvesting ease: good. At maturity nuts keep attached to their branches and, when shaking, they drop easily.
  • Husking ease: good. The husk is separated easily from the shell.

Commercial traits

  • Nut shape: cordate.
  • Kernel size: medium (1,3 g).
  • Shelling percentage: 31 %.
  • Shell texture: hard.
  • Double kernels: without doubles (0,3 %).
  • Kernel appearance: attractive. Skin smooth and clear.
  • Blanched kernel composition: oil: 47,9 %; protein: 24,2 %; soluble sugars: 4,1 %; total fiber: 11,2 %; water: 4,8 %.

Global assessment

“Marinada” is highly productive and very precocious. It flowers very late. Selffertile, showing a good autogamous level. Very easy to train and prune. Produces good kernels. It is tolerant to “fusicoccum”. Cross-pollination can be fostered using “Tarraco” as pollinator. The combination of these two varieties, both very precocious and showing medium vigour, can be useful for establishing semiintensive orchards at close spacing.

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