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Iniciativa Científica Estratègica de Reducció d’antimicrobians en la producció animal

L’increment de la resistència als antibiòtics i l’aparició de nous mecanismes de resistència que amenacen la capacitat de tractar malalties infeccioses comunes ―com la tuberculosi, la pneumònia o la sèpsia― comporten una gran càrrega socioeconòmica pels costos tan elevats dels tractaments i, en el cas específic dels animals, per la disminució de la seva productivitat. 

Per evitar un escenari post- antibiòtic, l’IRTA treballa de forma intensiva en el desenvolupament d’estratègies holístiqus que contribueixin a eliminar pràctiques inadequades per reduir el risc d’aparició de malalties zoonòtiques i oferir eines de diagnòstic i estratègies alternatives de maneig i tractament (com ara noves vacunes o desenvolupament i validació de mètodes ràpids de detecció).

 


 

Articles científics vinculats:

 

Ad hoc method for the assessment of animal diseases caused by bacteria resistant to antimicrobials
(Programa de Benestar animal)
EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW); Nielsen, Søren Saxmose; Bicout, Dominique Joseph; Calistri, Paolo; Canali, Elisabetta; Drewe, Julian Ashley; Garin-Bastuji, Bruno; Gonzales Rojas, Jose Luis; Gortazar Schmidt, Christian; Herskin, Mette; Michel, Virginie; Miranda Chueca, Miguel Angel; Padalino, Barbara; Pasquali, Paolo; Roberts, Helen Clare; Sihvonen, Liisa Helena; Spoolder, Hans; Stahl, Karl; Velarde, Antonio; Viltrop, Arvo; Winckler, Christoph; Dewulf, Jeroen; Guardabassi, Luca; Hilbert, Friederike; Mader, Rodolphe; Smith, Peter; Aznar, Inmaculada; Baldinelli, Francesca; Alvarez, Julio (EFSA Journal, 2021-06-03)

 

Abstract: The European Commission requested EFSA assess antimicrobial-resistant bacteria responsible for animal transmissible diseases, with a view to listing such pathogens for European Union action. This Scientific Opinion addresses the ad hoc method developed: (i) to give a global state of play as regards resistant animal pathogens that cause transmissible animal diseases, (ii) to identify the most relevant bacteria in the EU and (iii) to summarise their actual or potential animal health impact, and to perform their assessment for being listed and categorised according to the criteria of Articles 7, 5, 9 and 8within the Animal Health Law (AHL) framework. An extensive literature review is carried out to give the global state of play of selected resistant bacteria that constitute a threat to animal health (i). An expert judgement procedure, based on the outcome of the literature review, is applied to identify which among those bacteria subjected to the literature review are the ‘most relevant’ in the European Union(ii). Their animal health impact in the European Union and their assessment for being listed and categorised according to the AHL framework will follow the ‘ad hoc method for the assessment on listing and categorisation of animal diseases within the framework of the Animal Health Law’ that EFSA has developed in the past (iii). The assessment of (i) and (ii) is addressed in distinct scientific opinions that are published separately by ani mal species of interest (dogs and cats, horses, pigs, poultry, cattle, small ruminants, rabbits and aquatic animal species). The assessment of (iii) is addressed in distinct scientific opinions and published separately by the animal pathogen.

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